Kratom leaves are tropical trees that are included in the coffee family. Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is common in Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, and other South Asian countries. Leaves, or kratom leaf extract are generally used as stimulants and sedatives. This leaf is also said to treat chronic pain, digestive problems, and as an aid to relieve opium dependence.
However, there haven’t been enough helpful clinical trials to understand the benefits of kratom. This leaf also has not been approved for medical use. Kratom leaf is legal in several states of the United States (US). However, it is illegal in Thailand, Australia, Malaysia and some EU countries. In the US, kratom is usually marketed as an alternative medicine.
At low doses, which kratom will work like a stimulant. People who have used kratom at low doses claim to be more energetic, more alert, and easier to socialize. At higher doses, kratom is used as a sedative, producing euphoric effects, accumulating emotions, and sensations.
The main active ingredients of kratom are the alkaloids mitragynine and 7-hydroxymitragynine. There is evidence that these alkaloids can have analgesic (relieving pain), anti-inflammatory, or muscle relaxing effects. For this reason, kratom is often used to relieve fibromyalgia symptoms.
These leaves are usually dried and crushed or made into a powder. Generally, kratom powder will also be mixed with other leaves so that the color can be green or light brown. Kratom is also available in paste, capsule and tablet form. In the United States, kratom is largely brewed as a tea to reduce pain and the effects of opioids.